By S. Handy
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Extra info for Applications of Ionic Liquids in Science and Technology
2005). Thus, 2-cyclohexylethyl caffeate and 3-cyclohexylpropyl caffeate might induce apoptosis. Biotransformation of Underutilized Natural Resource to Valuable Compounds in Ionic Liquid: Enzymatic Synthesis of Caffeic Acid Phenethyl Ester Analogues from Immature Coffee Beans 41 6. , 2008). Diminished yields, selectivity, and poor solubility of substrates in the aqueous phase may require that the enzymatic reactions be performed in the non-aqueous phase. , 2001), were investigated to overcome the disadvantages of the aqueous solvent.
Y. , Selective Conversion of Fructose to 5-Hydroxymethylfurfural Catalyzed by Tungsten Salts at Low Temperatures. ChemSusChem 2009, 2 (8), 731734. ; Holladay, J. ; Zhang, Z. , Metal Chlorides in Ionic Liquid Solvents Convert Sugars to 5-Hydroxymethylfurfural. Science 2007, 316 (5831), 1597-1600. ; Zhao, Z. , Direct conversion of glucose and cellulose to 5hydroxymethylfurfural in ionic liquid under microwave irradiation. Tetrahedron Letters 2009, 50 (38), 5403-5405. ; Ying, J. , Efficient Catalytic System for the Selective Production of 5-Hydroxymethylfurfural from Glucose and Fructose.
The metathesis of oleates offers new synthetic routes to valuable raw materials and feed stocks with high chemoselectivity. The reaction is catalytic and could be performed at ambient conditions. Moreover, solvents could be substituted with “green” ionic liquids that will further enhance the growth of production. 5. Conclusions and perspectives Because of their high availability and low prices, the chemical industries in thelatter part of 20th and the early 21st century rely heavily on crude oil.
Applications of Ionic Liquids in Science and Technology by S. Handy