By Jiahua Pan, Houkai Wei
This ebook specializes in China’s city improvement. In China, the method of permitting extra rural migrants to develop into registered urban citizens in city components continues to be stagnant regardless of its value to the chinese language executive and the life of a countrywide consensus approximately it. towns can compulsorily buy land from farmers at low or maybe no bills, and such a lot farmers, whose households have trusted the land to make a residing for generations, don't make the most of raises in land worth. Breaking down the verified distributive approach of rights and privileges calls for laws and legislation enforcement. To this finish, we have to holiday during the present development of pursuits and recognize the "citizenization-relevant" rights of rural migrant workers.
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Additional info for Annual Report on Urban Development of China 2013
A considerable proportion of these people was not fully citizenized in the year. Second, Estimate the Total Floating Population China had a total floating population of 230 million people in 20118 and 236 million people in 2012. 7 %; the hukous of the others were unidentified (the DFPSM 2012). Assuming that 85 % of the total floating population have rural hukou and 80 % of it is willing to settle down in towns or cities, then the total number of rural migrant workers candidates for citizenization in China would be about 156 million people in 2011 and about 160 million people in 2012.
From the perspective of registered city residents’ equal access to social benefits, however, we should not take an insufficient urban capacity as an excuse for hindering the process of citizenization. 6 %. Since the current urban population contains a great many rural migrant workers who have yet to be fully citizenized, urbanization in China is a typical example of partial urbanization, or semi-urbanization. To make such partial urbanization into full urbanization and to improve the quality of urbanization, the key is to systematically promote the citizenization of rural migrant workers.
Pan migrant workers who are permanent urban residents should all be covered by Category 1 whether they have steady jobs or not. Category 2 consists of basic social security including basic medical, pension, maternity, workplace injury and unemployment insurances, minimum living allowances for urban residents, affordable housing, general social assistance, and social welfare. The Chinese government may phase in the coverage of rural migrant workers, especially those with steady jobs, by Category 2, before gradually covering the entire permanent urban population.
Annual Report on Urban Development of China 2013 by Jiahua Pan, Houkai Wei