Download e-book for kindle: Animal Learning: An Introduction (Introductions to Modern by Stephen F Walker

By Stephen F Walker

ISBN-10: 0710204825

ISBN-13: 9780710204820

An creation to animal studying because it has been studied in sleek experimental psychology, with an historic creation to the nature/nurture arguement in either animal and human psycholgy. comprises dialogue of habituation, classical (Pavlovian) and instrumental (operant) conditioning, perceptual and discrimination studying, and reminiscence and cognition within the context of animal behaviour.

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An advent to animal studying because it has been studied in sleek experimental psychology, with an historic advent to the nature/nurture arguement in either animal and human psycholgy. comprises dialogue of habituation, classical (Pavlovian) and instrumental (operant) conditioning, perceptual and discrimination studying, and reminiscence and cognition within the context of animal behaviour.

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52 Habituation in human infants This has proved in the first place to be an extremely useful technique for assessing the infant’s perceptual abilities, but the theory of habituation is also relevant to accounts of the gradual development of the infant’s perceptual competence (Olson, 1976). The usefulness of the techniques arises because, by presenting a standard stimulus repeatedly followed by an altered version of it, the infant’s perceptual sensitivity to that particular form of alteration can be assessed (Jeffrey and Cohen, 1971).

Similarity of behavioural description does not imply similarity of psychological explanation. I trust that the reader will become thoroughly bored and irritated by the repetition of this point during the next two chapters, since this will mean that he or she has begun to compare it with an internal representation which, while this may lower attentiveness to immediate repetitions, will also indicate the involvement of one of the highest and least reflexive forms of learning. 56 3 Pavlovian conditioning ‘So infinitely complex, so continuously in flux,.

Clearly this would not follow directly from the ‘neuronal model of the stimulus theory’ of Sokolov (1963, 1975; see point (v), p. 39 above). 2, but the results for it were very similar to those for the ‘constant 100’ group). 2. shows, Groves and Thompson were able to obtain roughly analogous results with the hindlimb flexion reflex of the spinal cat, it seems plausible that, as they suggest, an interaction between a sensitizing and an habituating process brought about the low level of responsiveness in the gradual group.

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Animal Learning: An Introduction (Introductions to Modern Psychology) by Stephen F Walker


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