By Fidel Toldrá
The target of the short is to summarize the cutting-edge at the chemical questions of safety at present bearing on meat and fowl, and to debate the present overseas laws at the instruments to be had for his or her regulate. The short will assessment the analytical controls and instrumentation to be had for the regulate of residues of development promoters, antibiotics, and the other environmental components in uncooked meat and fowl. moreover, there'll be a dialogue of either the components that could be generated due to processing, and the instruments which are to be had for his or her keep an eye on. those components should be particularly diversified in nature; they could contain, for instance, the heterocyclic amines generated via heating, the nitrosamines occasionally found in cured meats with nitrite if now not safely processed, the polycyclic fragrant hydrocarbons that may be generated looking on the kind of smoking used, or the biogenic amines that may be generated in the course of fermentation. eventually, the controls for the detection of international proteins (e.g., whey proteins) within the ultimate items may be additionally compiled. The short will finish with a view of destiny traits and key references for readers attracted to studying extra approximately this topic.
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Extra info for Analytical Tools for Assessing the Chemical Safety of Meat and Poultry
2004). Some false positives may arise as a result of interference from other substances present in the sample. In any case, when there is any doubt or uncertainty, samples must be submitted to conﬁrmatory analysis for further conﬁrmation. 14. 3 Veterinary Drugs 33 ing generally good results (Gaudin et al. 2003; Situ et al. 2006; Cooper et al. 2003). However, ELISA test kits cannot be used for multiresidue analysis and have also witnessed large cost increases, making its use somehow restrictive.
Compounds include carazolol, chlorpromazine, azarperone, and xylazine. 5 Control of Residues of Growth Promoters and Antibiotics in Meat and Poultry The detection of residues of veterinary drugs is a complex task because of the large number of substances to be assayed, the large number of samples to be analyzed, usually in a restricted period of time, and the low levels of the substances to be detected. In the USA, the National Residue Program (NRP), administered by the US Department of Agriculture (USDA) Food Safety and Inspection Service (FSIS), oversees the control of veterinary drug residues in the USA under two programs.
These methods are based on enzyme-linked immunosorbent assays (ELISA), enzyme immunoassay (EIA), lateral ﬂow immunoassays, radio immunoassay (RIA), and arrays and chips (biosensors). With ELISA or EIA kits, detection is based on a change in color that is proportional to the amount of target analyte present in the sample. A similar change in color is the basis for dipsticks, which consist of an antibody immobilized at the end of a plastic stick (Link et al. 2007; Levieux 2007). The use of luminescence or ﬂuorescence detectors may increase the sensitivity (Roda et al.
Analytical Tools for Assessing the Chemical Safety of Meat and Poultry by Fidel Toldrá