By Franklin E. Zimring
Some time past decade, alarming stories of teen violence have seemed with expanding frequency within the information media. Legislators around the usa have replied to this feeling of nationwide emergency by means of altering a few of the legislation designed to deal with juvenile offenders. yet are we actually in the middle of a surge in early life violence? extra to the purpose, what factors adolescence violence and what may still we do approximately it? Franklin Zimring bargains the definitive exam of adolescent violence within the usa either as a social phenomenon and a coverage challenge. This ebook covers the diversity of teen violence matters within the Nineties, from crime records to demographic projections to new laws. the result's an intensive debunking of Congressional predictions of "a coming typhoon of teenage violence" and the half-baked coverage proposals that accompany such warnings. The booklet units forth finished and dispassionate analyses of 3 key components of stripling violence coverage: adolescent firearms ownership and use, criteria for move from juvenile to legal courtroom jurisdiction, and felony sanctions for young people who kill. in the course of the publication, the middle problems with early life violence within the Nineteen Nineties are tested with an remarkable measure of analytic rigor. Zimring additionally deals a suitable set of responses to formative years violence which are in keeping with a good destiny for the juvenile courtroom and for America's youngsters. well timed and authoritative, American formative years Violence supplies scholars, students, and coverage makers a much-needed software with which to style a confident reaction to 1 of the nation's most annoying social ills.
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Additional info for American Youth Violence (Studies in Crime and Public Policy)
The symbolic content is in removing the privileged status that is the presumed cause of high rates of juvenile violence. Whereas all the state-level reforms discussed have the juvenile offender as their principal target, two other components of the new imagery of youth violence are guns and gangs. Gun use by juveniles accounted for over 90 percent of the increase in juvenile homicide over 1985-1992 (Zimring 1996). The surge in gun violence presented a target for getting tough that was more in keeping with traditional liberal sentiments than wholesale transfer of juveniles to criminal courts.
Department of Justice, Federal Bureau of Investigation (1980-1993, 1994a, 1995). 6. Trends in Arrest Rates for Part II Assaults, 1980-1996. S. Department of Justice, Federal Bureau of Investigation (1980-1993, 1994a, 1995-1996). to that observed for aggravated assaults, only more so. The growth of police recorded assault arrests is larger than for the aggravated assault category. The younger and older offenders are almost identical over time, with the two age groups moving in the same direction in thirteen of the sixteen year-to-year comparisons.
There are, however, important lessons about both trends and projections that should inform any discussion of what to expect in the future. The first important finding from this analysis of recent experience is that there is no unitary trend in the recent history of youth arrests for violent crime. Homicide and assault arrests have increased, but for different reasons. Robbery and rape have fluctuated, without any discernible long-range trend. This lack of pattern has both procedural and substantive implications.
American Youth Violence (Studies in Crime and Public Policy) by Franklin E. Zimring