By Neil Smith
An American Empire, built over the past century, in the past overtook ecu colonialism, and it's been extensively assumed that the hot globalism it espoused took us "beyond geography." Neil Smith debunks that assumption, supplying an incisive argument that American globalism had a unique geography and was once pieced jointly as a part of a robust geographical imaginative and prescient. the ability of geography didn't die with the twilight of eu colonialism, however it did swap essentially. That the inauguration of the yankee Century introduced a lack of public geographical sensibility within the usa was once itself a political symptom of the rising empire. This publication presents a necessary geographical-historical context for realizing the ability and bounds of up to date globalization, which may now be noticeable as representing the 3rd of 3 unique ancient moments of U.S. international ambition.The tale unfolds via a decisive account of the profession of Isaiah Bowman (1878-1950), the main well-known American geographer of the 20 th century. for almost 4 many years Bowman operated round the vortex of country energy, operating to carry an American order to the worldwide panorama. An explorer at the recognized Machu Picchu excursion of 1911 who got here to be recognized first as "Woodrow Wilson's geographer," and later as Frankin D. Roosevelt's, Bowman used to be current on the construction of U.S. liberal overseas coverage. A quarter-century later, Bowman used to be on the middle of Roosevelt's kingdom division, enthusiastic about the disposition of Germany and heightened U.S. entry to ecu colonies; he was once defined by way of Dean Acheson as a key "architect of the United Nations." In that interval he used to be a pace-setter in American technological know-how, served as president of Johns Hopkins collage, and have become an early and vociferous chilly warrior. a classy, contradictory, and now and then debatable determine who was once greatly within the public eye, he seemed at the hide of Time journal. Bowman's occupation as a geographer in an period while the worth of geography used to be deeply wondered offers a distinct window into the contradictory makes use of of geographical wisdom within the development of the yankee Empire. Smith's old excavation finds, in wide strokes but with energetic aspect, that modern-day American-inspired globalization springs no longer from the Eighties yet from past moments in 1919 and 1945, either one of which led to failure. by way of recharting the geography of this heritage, Smith brings the politics--and the limits--of modern globalization sharply into concentration.
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Extra resources for American Empire: Roosevelt's Geographer and the Prelude to Globalization
And it has become a leitmotiv of globalized culture as well as ﬁnance. For French postmodernist Jean Baudrillard, the “end of geography” is the apogee of dialectical critique, a utopia already achieved in and as America. ”8 The puzzling thing is that this powerful “end of geography” rhetoric is emerging alongside quite antithetical trends. Since the early twentieth century, geography as an academic discipline in the United States has declined consonant with the fortunes of geography as a discourse of power.
Long before Luce announced the American Century—almost two years before the United States was even in the war—the State Department and the Rockefeller Foundation joined with the Council on Foreign Relations to carry out an elaborate study of postwar planning, which gradually, throughout the war years, crystallized a very precise geographical vision of what postwar American globalism lost geography of the american century / 21 would look like. A new political and economic geography was very much the point in the State Department, if not in the pages of Life, and Roosevelt’s version of a new world order was an intensely geographical affair.
S. economy; and the implosion of ofﬁcial communism after 1989: all these developments made the mounting death notices for the American 6 / lost geography of the american century Century conspicuously premature. S. rise to globalism. It encouraged Bill Clinton, in his 1999 State of the Union address, to envisage a “next American Century,” and it undergirded the so-called war on terrorism after 2001. The self-congratulatory geography of this capitalist revolution was global, and its language, utopian.
American Empire: Roosevelt's Geographer and the Prelude to Globalization by Neil Smith