Accounting of biological sinks and sources under the Kyoto - download pdf or read online

By Gerald Busch

ISBN-10: 3980630900

ISBN-13: 9783980630900

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Example text

The points in time are indicated at which carbon contents reach 53% and 61% of the original level (prior to conversion to cropland in 1907). 9 Gt C. In other regions, particularly in the tropics, it must be assumed that many soils cannot sequester any noteworthy additional quantities of carbon. 2 t C ha-1 and are exposed to severe utilization pressures in the arid zones. One expression of these pressures is that harvest residues cannot be used to support humus levels, because they are needed as fodder and fuels.

The present study, too, has identified major inadequacies for a comparative evaluation of data records. • Complete carbon inventories only exist for a few countries, ecosystems or forms of land use. There is no such inventory for Germany. g. bogs, riparian forests, natural grasslands) but also productive grasslands are greatly under-represented in terms of data availability, which is not commensurate with their importance to the carbon cycle. The assessment of different forms and intensities of land use suffers under the patchiness of data records.

The organic layer and the soil of temperate and especially of boreal forests are large carbon reservoirs (Annex Tables 2 and 3) which are usually, at least partly, destroyed by fire or intensive harvest. Frequently it is possible to convert a primary to a secondary, commercially oriented forest without the need for planting. This requires creating soil conditions that allow the desired secondary forest to shoot and grow “naturally”. For example, the very speciesrich Thuja forests of the Pacific North-West of North America are converted by laying the mineral soil bare by mechanical action (“scalping”) and burning the organic layer, thus allowing the desired commercial tree species Pinus contorta to shoot.

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Accounting of biological sinks and sources under the Kyoto Protocol : a step forwards or backwards for global environmental protection? by Gerald Busch


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