By Thomas Benjamin
Chiapas, a nation in southern Mexico, burst into overseas information in January 1994. numerous thousand insurgents, given a voice within the communiques of Subcomandante Marcos, took keep watch over of the capital and different key cities and held the Mexican military and executive at bay for weeks. Proclaiming themselves the Zapatista military of nationwide Liberation, they captured either land and headlines. all over the world, humans desired to be aware of the reply to 1 query: why had revolutionaries taken over a Mexican nation? No different learn of Chiapas solutions that query as completely as does this publication. The rebellion and government's armed career of the nation are however the most recent violent episodes in a quarter that's now and has continuously been a wealthy land labored through negative humans. by way of learning the impoverishment of the laboring type in Chiapas, Benjamin addresses how the Chiapan elite survived the Revolution of 1910 and stay accountable for the state's improvement and future. extra sincerely than someone else, Benjamin indicates in his new ultimate bankruptcy that the modern agrarian rebellion is the legacy of Chiapan underdevelopment.
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Extra resources for A Rich Land, a Poor People: Politics and Society in Modern Chiapas
The native communities refused to cooperate and boycotted ladino priests and businesses. Claiming that the Indians were preparing a caste war against the "civilized people" of the highlands, the leaders of San CristÃ³bal organized a militia to end Indian separatism and regain control of the highlands. At the end of 1868 Cristobalense militiamen met Indian resistance. So began the famous "Caste War," as it came to be called, leading to an Indian siege of San CristÃ³bal by early 1869. Governor DomÃ−nguez, facing political opposition in the lowlands by rival Liberal leaders, mobilized the state militia and placed it under his personal command to save San CristÃ³bal from a bloodbath and also to save his political career.
His Porfirian (and revolutionary and postrevolutionary) successors continued the work he began in 1891. In the area of fiscal reform Governor Rabasa inherited an important measure from the preceding state government. Governor Carrascosa had begun the task of suppressing the municipal transit taxes on commerce. Rabasa continued and finished this campaign against the alcabalas, a policy that had profound political and economic implications for the state. As the revenues of local governments diminished, municipalities became more dependent on state government largess and as a consequence less politically independent.
In letters to President DÃ−az, Rabasa explained that the move was due to the high cost of food in the highlands, which necessitated higher salaries; to the apathy and laziness of Cristobalenses; to the undue influence of the clergy; and to the commercial importance of Tuxtla GutiÃ©rrez. 20 The most important reasons, however, were unstated. First was the desire to establish an entirely new governing center and bureaucracy, free of the pernicious influences that plagued all governments in San CristÃ³bal.
A Rich Land, a Poor People: Politics and Society in Modern Chiapas by Thomas Benjamin